What psychosophy is
Psychosophy (or psycheyoga) is a theory of personality created by a Russian writer A. Afanasyev in his book "The syntax of love". There the author suggested that there're 24 types of people. Each type has its own features and, according to a certain logic, interacts with other types, society, has certain habits. Thus, it's possible to give recommendations about what is the best activity in his life, which people are convenient and he can trust them, which personal sides are strong or weak, etc.
The theory is little known. And, unfortunately, it's not easy to find pure information about it except for the original book, of course. Many practitioners consider psychosophy as a part of the Jung theory (socionics) and, therefore, they mix both theories. Nevertheless Afanasyev said nothing about Jung and socionics in his book, and his theory must be considered as something separate, holistic and independent. According to this point I am going to present psychosophy in this article. My purpose is to describe the base principles of the theory for people who have never heard of it. Also I'll skip difficult and optional elements and notions.
The basis of the theory: 4 functions
The theory is based on 4 functions: logic, will, emotion, physics. Their names usyally are reduced to the first letter. For example, W means the will, and L means the logic. It's assumed, these functions present in everybody, but everyone has his won sequence of these functions. The sequence is called the type of personality. For instance, the type EPWL means, that the person feels, his emotion is the strongest, physics is weaker, etc. It can be calculated, that there are 24 ways to permytate the functions, this is why there are 24 different types of personality.
More about the functions.
E is the emotion. It is not a level of emotionality exactly, it is how a person used to perceive emotions of his and others.
L is the logic. It's not a level of intelligence, IQ, erudition at all. It is how a person finds logical structures, how he used to use and value it in other people.
P is the physics. It's the similar to the logic and the emotion, but refers to material: money, body, social status, sports, etc.
W is the will. Perhaps, it's the most complicated function to describe. Try to find a common one among the notions "responsibility", "control", "justice". This common one in all three notions is the will as a term in psychosophy. And of course, like other functions, the will is now a level of strenght of will, it's how a person finds the areas of his life, which touch upon the will.
About the positions of the functions in a type.
1 is a strong and sometimes egoistic function. The man is inclined to identify himself with it. Towards this function the man is maximally pertinacious and confident.
2 is a string but flexible function, it is directed to the outward things. The man is inclined to have a dialogue with other people, the best understanding can be reached through this function for him. The man is inclined to use it as a tool in order to achive his aims.
3 is a weak function, which wants to look strong. This makes it painful. It feels the world well, it has a lot of ambition, but sometimes it doesn't have something to self-actualize properly. It is not able to value different shades correctly.
4 is a weak and calm function. The man used to underestimate it and not use is most cases. Though the process towards this function gives a satisfaction.
In order to realize what a certain type is, you should use only what is written above: you should join each function with the number of its place in the type. For example, we consider the type EPWL: the emotion has the first place (1E), then 2P, 3W and 4L. This means that the man is emotional, lives emotions, which are bright and catching for people about. 2P makes him fluid, like different physical sensations, deal in food, beauty, tastes, he is attentive towards people around, he always tries to control the comfort of people around. 3W means that the man cares about his social status, respect from other people, he takes insults painfully. 4L means that the man is not inclined to build difficult logical schemas and theories about everything around as well as listen to it from others. In other words, if they tell and explain everything to him logically, he won't follow and will do all in his own way.
The written above is just a small and far from complete example about how to create a description of a type by your own, using the sequence of functions.
How to typify
Getting acquainted with the typology of personality, fairly the question arises: how to determine the type (to typify) of someone. I would consider 4 ways:
Watching on a person and revealing the features, which excludes some variants of functions' location within his type, unless the type is clear. For example, you noticed, the person likes to build theories and to prove something or to tell others much, this almost always excludes that he doesn't have 4L. If the person is not romantical, his emotions are not bright, it excludes 1E. And if his emotions seem to be weak, it excludes 2E either. In this way, step by step you may make his type clear.
Typifying using dichotomies. There are following dichotomies for the functions:
- strong (1 and 2) - weak (3 and 4)
- resultative (1 and 4) - processive (2 and 3)
- dominant (1 and 3) - adapted (2 and 4)
Towards strong function the person is confident, as for the weak one, the person has some unsure featires. Resultative function isn't inclined to dialog, it prefers monologue more and finished as fast as possible to get the result, but the processive is contrary - it prefers duration, it likes the process more than a final result. The dominant function is often the reason of activity (confidently or timidly), it has many ambitious, but the adapted one takes everything calmly. Watchnig on the behavior of a person, you can find some of dichotomies, which helps to typify very much.
Particle typifying. Sometimes it's necessary to typify fastly neglecting accuracy. You need a fast result in order to deal with some person correctly. Revealing one or two functions' locations instead of full time can be helpful. For example, the person has 1W for sure. This already excludes 1L, 1P and 1E. Therefore, if you have 3W, some of his acts can be too hard and unpleasant for you. You need to be ready for that.
Test. For typifying you can use this test.
Psychosophy predicts mutual relations between types simply and obviously. Relations are usually considered towards each function separately, for example, there are two types: EPWL and WEFL. Towards emotions their relations are according to the schema 1-2, towards physics - 2-3, will - 1-3 and logic - 4-4. Following the sense, all possible sorts of connections can be classified in 4 groups:
Complementarity (1-4, 2-3). Strong features of one function complement weaknesses of the other naturally. This is the best kind of connection.
Identical (1-1, 2-2, 3-3, 4-4). They have good understanding of each other, people respect each other towards this function. But there is no complementarity.
Pseudoidentical (1-2, 3-4). There is no good understanding. People seem to be similar, but purposes of one person are tools for the other, which makes them different in fact. It can be a source of incomprehensions in a range of cases, but not a source of conflicts.
Conflict (1-3, 2-4). These persons don't understand each other deeply, which can lead to conflicts. Only because of these functions' locations, one person can underestimate the other, the contempt may take place.
Even based on written above it's clear, for each type there is another type with whome he has the finest mutual of worst relations. For example, for EPWL the finest is LWPE and the worst is WLEP. Though the theory is clear, in real life many things in relations depend on the education, how open-minded he is, how he values the trust, etc.
In order to know more about psychosophy, the best way to practice it. Find your type out, correlate it with the description, try to typify your friends and relatives, discover how your relations correspond to the model of mutual relations in psychosophy. Also I am always happy to talk about this topic to everyone and reply your questions. Here are some helpful links: